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贸易相关术语

发布日期2005/4/4 16:54:56

1.Trade-related Terms 贸易相关术语
A.贸易
Foreign Trade 对外贸易
Entrepot Trade F。) 转口贸易
Home (Domestic)Trade 内贸
Coastal Trade 沿海贸易
Cross-border Trade 边境贸易
Barter Trade 易货贸易
Compensation Trade 补偿(互补)贸易
Bilateral trade (between China and the US) (中美)双边贸易
Multilateral Trade ( Multilaterism ) 多边贸易
Trading House/Corporation/Firm/Company 贸易公司
Liner Trade 集装箱班轮运输

B.合同
Contract 合同
Active service contracts on file 在备有效服务合同
Sales Contract 销售合同
Sales Confirmation 销售确认书
Agreement 协议
Vessel sharing Agreement 共用舱位协议
Slot-sharing Agreement 共用箱位协议
Slot Exchange Agreement 箱位互换协议
Amendment 修正合同
Appendix 附录
Quota 配额


C.服务合同
Service Contract as provided in the Shipping Act of 1984, a contract between
a shipper (or a shippers association) and an ocean carrier
(or conference)in which the shipper makes a commitment
to provide a certain minimum quantity of cargo or freight revenue
over a fixed time period,and the ocean common carrier or
conference commits to a certain rate or rate schedules as well
as a defined service level (such as assured space,transit time,
port rotation or similar service features)。The contract may
also specify provisions in the event of non-performance on the
part of either party 服务合同

A service contract is a confidential contract between a VOCC and
1 or more shippers in which the shipper(s) make a cargo commitment,
and the carrier makes a rate and service commitment.
服务合同是一家有船承运人与一个和多个托运人签订的保密合同,
在合同中托运人对货量作出承诺,承运人对运价和服务作出承诺。
Only a VOCC (or agreement of VOCCs) may enter into a service
contract as carrier.
只有有船承运人(有船承运人协议)可以作为承运人签订服务合同。
NVOCCs may enter into service contracts as shippers, but not as carrier.
无船承运人可以作为托运人来签订服务合同,但不可以作为承运人签订服务合同。
Allows a carrier to lawfully charge a negotiated, non-tariff rate.
允许承运人合法地收取已达成协议的,非运价本运价。
Allows parties to keep the negotiated rate confidential.
允许签约方对已达成协议的运价保密。
Today, the vast majority of liner cargo in the U.S. trade moves under
confidential service contracts.
目前,绝大多数美国航线的班轮货物通过保密的服务合同运输。
Must be with qualified shipper(s).
必须与合格的托运人签订服务合同。
Must include shipper cargo commitment and carrier rate and service commitments.
必须包括托运人货量承诺,承运人运价和服务承诺。
Must include shipper certification.
必须有托运人的身份证明。
Must be signed by the carrier and the shipper.
必须由承运人和托运人签署。
Must be filed with the FMC.
必须向FMC登记
Electronic filing is permitted.
允许电子登记
Rates kept confidential - certain “essential terms” published.
运价保密 -一些“基本条款”公布
Service Contract Form
服务合同的格式
Term 1 = origin. 条款1 = 启运地
Term 2 = destination. 条款2 =目的地
Term 3 = a list of commodities. 条款3 = 商品类别
Term 4 – MQC 条款4 = 最低箱量
Term 5 = Service Commitments 条款5 = 服务承诺
Term 6 = Rate Schedule 条款5 = 费率表
Term 7 - Liquidated Damages Clause 条款7 = 清算损失条款
Term 8 – Contract Term 条款8 = 合同期限
Term 9A = Legal names of contract parties. 条款9A = 合同方的法定名称
Term 9B = Identity of contract signatories. 条款9B = 签字人的身份
Term 9C = Date the contract was signed. 条款9C = 合同签字日
Other Provisions 其它条款
Term 10 = shipper certification. 条款10 = 托运人的身份
Term 11 = contract records. 条款11 = 合同记录
Term 12 = other provisions (including force 条款12 = 其它条款(包括不可
majeure, cancellation, arbitration, and 抗拒力,终止,仲裁和
assignment clauses). 转让 条款)

Signature Block 签字栏

The Shipper Party 托运方
Is the Shipper Party qualified? 托运方是否合格?
Must be cargo owner, NVOCC, or shipper’s 必须是货主,无船承运人和托运人协会association.
Cannot be freight forwarder.